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What are supplemental education services?

Under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 2001 (currently called No Child Left Behind), low-income students in schools that have been identified as “in need of improvement” are eligible for supplemental education services (SES). SES provides tutoring, small group, or computer instruction in reading or math before or after school, on weekends, or during the summer.

Schools are working hard to improve the quality of education your child receives. Supplemental education services are provided in addition to your school’s plan to improve learning. If your child is eligible, the school district pays for supplemental services.

Is my child eligible?
To be eligible for supplemental services your child must attend a school that is in its second year of school improvement, meaning it has failed to make adequate yearly progress for three consecutive years, and your family must meet income eligibility guidelines. The school district should notify you if your child is eligible for supplemental services. If you are not sure whether your child is eligible, check with your child’s school or the district office. Neither schools nor providers are allowed to make public the names of eligible students.

How do I choose my child’s supplemental service provider?
You select a supplemental service provider from a list of providers approved by your state department of education and given to you by your school district. Approved providers may include schools, after-school programs, community organizations, and commercial companies.

The list provided by your school district should include information such as the providers’s qualifications. If the list does not provide all the information you need, the following questions will help you select the best provider for your child:

Where are the services provided—at the school, at another building in the community, or by computer? If the services are provided by computer, do I need my own computer and internet access?
Is transportation to the services provided? (School districts are not required to provide transportation for supplemental services.)

How many sessions of services will my child receive and how long will each session last? (If you want your child to receive more sessions than the district can pay for, you will need to pay for those sessions on your own.)

Will my child be taught by a qualified teacher? If not, will my child’s instructor be supervised by a qualified teacher?

What is the student to teacher ratio? (One-to-one tutoring is best. For group instruction, there should be one teacher for every three children.)

Will my child work with the same instructor each time?

Does the provider conduct criminal background checks on all employees who come in contact with children?

Do the materials used in the provider’s program cover the same material my child is being taught at school?

What kind of materials will the provider send home with my child so I can continue to work with him or her at home?

Are the provider’s materials up-to-date? Do the materials contain religious or cultural messages that make me uncomfortable?

Is the atmosphere at the provider’s facility comfortable and inviting to my child?

What kind of evidence does the provider have that the program has helped other students?Will the provider give references from other parents?

How often will the provider report my child’s progress to me and to my child’s teacher? Will these reports be phone calls, written reports, or meetings?Will the communications be two-way?

For children with special needs: Is the provider’s facility accessible? Are the materials appropriate for my child’s needs?

For children learning English: Can the instructors communicate with my child? Can my child understand the materials?
As you can see, choosing a provider is not simple. Talk to your child’s teacher about what kind of helpyour child needs and which providers might be best for your child. The decision is yours, but your child’s teacher can help you make an informed one.

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